Manisha Gupta* and Nikki Pandey
Received: January 21, 2020; Published: January 24, 2020
Corresponding author: Manisha Gupta, Rabindranath Tagore University, India
A substance such as oil or any liquid substance escape from container.
A spill is an amount of liquid that has spilled from a container.
Each department which stores or handles hazardous,
microorganisms or hazardous chemicals or toxic chemicals must
have to place with emergency plans & procedures for dealing with
the spillage chemicals.
i. The head of department is responsible for ensuring that these documentations is up to date and that it is readily available to staff & emergency services.
ii. It is also a legal requirement to assess the need for & to provide appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) along with training in its use.
Ensure you know what to do if there is spill on your site. The key steps are:
i. Do you know what the spill material is?
ii. Do you need personal protective equipment?
iii. Get the write safety equipment before you act.
Stop the Sources:
i. Turn off the tap or valve.
ii. Plug the leak or roll the drum over- if it is safe to do.
Protect Storm Water:
i. Confine the spill with sandbags or booms.
ii. Powder type spills cover with plastic to stop them blowing around.
iii. Block off access to storm water grates, sump & interceptors.
i. Tell your supervisor.
ii. Inform agencies such as fire services.
Clean Up:i. Liquid Spill: Pump into a safe container, absorbed them with appropriate materials or mix them with a compatible (able to exist) solid so you can sweep them up for disposable don’t use dispersants (drops).
i.Dispose of contaminated materials & clean up material
or clothing as a hazardous waste or ask your waste disposal
contractor to dispose of it for you.
ii. Do not hose (rubber pipe) spill.
Restock and Review:
i. Replace any containment equipment or protective gear
ii. Do the spill report immediately to find out how and why the spill happened.
A. Blood & body fluid spillage.
B. Mercury spillage.
A. Blood & body fluid spillage
i. This include blood, vomit, urine, & pus etc. all of which
may contain disease causing micro-organisms.
ii. General best practice includes for Blood & body fluid spillage: Use a Spillage kit if available.
a. Spillage Kit:
1. Disposable gowns.
2. 4 pair of gloves.
4. Pairs of goggles.
5. Disposable shoe covers.
6. 2 Disinfectant sachets.
7. Absorbent paper.
8. Disposable forceps.
9. Biohazard disposal bags.
10. Emergency contact number.
b. Cleaning of Blood & Body Fluid:
1. Cover a spill with a newspaper, blotting paper/paper
towel or dry mud.
2. Pour 5 % phenyl or freshly prepared hypochlorite solution having 10,000ppm (parts per million) or (1%) chlorine on it and wait for 30 minutes
3. Wear gloves and collect it with a plastic scoop & put in a plastic container.
4. Wet mop the area with phenyl.
5. Gloves should be disposed of in a clinical bag.
6. Hands must be washed following clearing up.
7. If broken glass is present, first decontaminate the spillage as above, then carefully remove the pieces of glass with disposable forceps or scoop to a sharps bin, before wiping up.
8. Paper towel, gloves, disposable overshoes and any contaminated clothing should be placed in yellow clinical waste bag for incineration and hand wash.
9. Finally, the area should be washed with water and detergent and allowed to dry.
c. Cleaning Large Spills:
Large volume of body fluids must be managed by following
i. Wear gloves, eye protection and a disposable apron. If the spillage is extensive, disposable plastic overshoes or rubber boots may be necessary.
ii. Liquid spills should cover with (chlorine releasing) Pour 5 % phenyl or freshly prepared hypochlorite solution having 10,000ppm (parts per million) or (1%) chlorine on it and wait for at least two minutes before clearing up with paper, towel, absorbent mats.
iii. A Specialized spillage mope with absorbent cotton/gauze.
iv. Alternatively, the spill may be covered with paper, absorbent mats and gently flooded with hypochlorite solution containing 10,000ppm (1%) available chlorine (again this should be left for at least two minutes before attempting to clear up.)
B. Mercury Spillage:
a. Mercury Spill Management Kit:
1. Nitrile gloves or two pairs of latex gloves.
2. Face mask.
3. Protection for the eyes.
4. Scotch tape.
5. 10cc syringe.
6. Covered plastic/glass container with water.
7. Poster depicting the process of mercury containment.
b. Safe Disposal of Mercury on Spillage:
i. Mercury should never be touched with bare hands.
ii. All jewelry should be removed.
iii. Avoid brooms, brushes and vacuum cleaner to clean the spilt mercury.
iv. Never put mercury in trash bins, burners or drains or in municipal dustbins.
v. Switch off heating of air conditioning system during mercury spillage.
vi. Collect spilt mercury using paper board to accumulate small mercury droplets together.
vii. Pick up broken glass carefully, wrap in a paper towel, and place in a glass container with 5 to 10 ml of water.
viii. Use a regular syringe for sucking the mercury droplets.
left out small beads are to be gathered with two cardboards and then scooped.
ix. Place in a water in a glass container.
x. Locate any remaining mercury with the help of flashlight.
xi. Seal the glass container and label as mercury waste and place in a safe corner.
xii. Place all the materials used in the cleanup, including gloves, in a trash bag.
xiii. Seal the trash bag with tap and label as mercury waste.
xiv. Wash the area with mercury neutralizing agents like 20% calcium sulfide or sodium thiosulphate solution (if the chemicals are available.)
xv. Wash your hands, face, and any other areas of your body exposed to the mercury.
xvi. Keep the room ventilated for a minimum of 48 hour.
Bio chemistryUniversity of Texas Medical Branch, USA
Department of Criminal JusticeLiberty University, USA
Department of PsychiatryUniversity of Kentucky, USA
Department of MedicineGally International Biomedical Research & Consulting LLC, USA
Department of Urbanisation and AgriculturalMontreal university, USA
Oral & Maxillofacial PathologyNew York University, USA
Gastroenterology and HepatologyUniversity of Alabama, UK
Department of MedicineUniversities of Bradford, UK
OncologyCirculogene Theranostics, England
Radiation ChemistryNational University of Mexico, USA
Analytical ChemistryWentworth Institute of Technology, USA
Minimally Invasive SurgeryMercer University school of Medicine, USA
Pediatric DentistryUniversity of Athens , Greece
The annual scholar awards from Lupine Publishers honor a selected number Read More...
We know the financial complexity of Individual read more...
The annual scholar awards from Lupine Publishers honor a selected number read more...