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ISSN: 2637-6695

Lupine Online Journal of Nursing & Health care

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-6695)

Risk Assessment of Type 2 Diabetes Among Population of Rawalpindi Pakistan

Volume 3 - Issue 1

Rizwana Shahid*, Syed Arshad Sabir, Sana Bilal, Sheikh Abdul Rehman, Mahjabeen Qureshi and Sidra Nasim

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Assistant Professor Community Medicine, Pakistan.

    *Corresponding author: Rizwana Shahid, Assistant Professor Community Medicine, Pakistan.

Received: May 06, 2020;   Published: May 20, 2020

DOI: 10.32474/LOJNHC.2020.03.000151

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Objective: To determine the risk for developing type 2 diabetes among population of Rawalpindi city.

Subjects & Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted among 90 healthy attendants of the patients admitted in wards of Holy Family Hospital, Rawalpindi to assess their risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Data was gathered through consecutive sampling. All study participants knew they did not have any type of diabetes and they were not receiving anti-diabetic drugs. The data was collected during 2 weeks in July 2018 by means of structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed by using SPSS version 25.0

Results: Of the total 90 study subjects, 57 were females. Mean age of respondents was 44.6±5.78 years. About 10% respondents had Body Mass Index (BMI) greater than 35kg/m2 and had very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes within next 10 years. Daily consumption of fruits and vegetables seemed to have statistically insignificant relationship (P>0.20) with reduction in risk for type 2 diabetes. Only 01 respondent out of those physically active at work was at high risk for type 2 diabetes. About 27.8% respondents had positive family history. Risk of developing type 2 diabetes was insignificantly associated with gender (P>0.94). Overall, only 6 respondents predominantly females 55-64 years old had high to very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Conclusion: Majority of the study participants had low to slightly elevated risk of developing type 2 diabetes. This risk can better be eliminated by lifestyle modification.

Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes; Risk Assessment; Body Mass Index; Family History

Abstract| Introduction| Subjects and Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion and Recommendation| References|