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ISSN: 2641-1725

LOJ Medical Sciences

Review Article(ISSN: 2641-1725)

Russian Leaders and their Foreign Doctors: A Historical Review Volume 4 - Issue 1

B Petrikovsky*, Y Nemova and E Petrikovsky

  • NY Institute of Technology, USA

Received: November 09, 2019;   Published: November 19, 2019

*Corresponding author: Boris Petrikovsky, MD, PhD, NY Institute of Technology, 55 Forest Row, Great Neck, NY 11024, USA

DOI: 10.32474/LOJMS.2019.04.000178

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Russian medicine had its zenith at the beginning of the 20th century when two Russian scientists were awarded the Nobel Prize; Ivan Pavlov (1904) for his work on the physiology of digestion, and Ilya Metchnikoff (1908) for his work on phagocytosis. In the late 19th century, Professor Sergey Botkin was a physician who served the Czar’s family and oversaw their various ailments. Having replaced K.K. Gaartman, a German physician who was deemed insufficiently versed in internal diseases, Professor Botkin served as the royal physician to the Empress Maria Alexandrovna from 1870 to 1889 [1].

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