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ISSN: 2641-1725

LOJ Medical Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-1725)

Prevalence of Mobile Phone Addiction and Its Relationship with Sleep Quality and Social Anxiety in High School Students in Divandareh City in 2018 Volume 4 - Issue 5

Emadeddin Ezatpour1, Shima Yazdanpanah2, Hero Yazdanpanah3, Karo Servatyari3* and Donya Afghani4

  • 1Master of Clinical Psychology, Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • 2Student of Primary Education, Faculty of Pardis Bentolhoda Sadr Kurdistan, Farhangian University, Iran
  • 3Medical Student, Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
  • 4Department of Management, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Iran

Received: February 06, 2020;   Published: February 14, 2020

*Corresponding author: Karo Servatyari, Medical Student, Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran

DOI: 10.32474/LOJMS.2020.04.000198

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Background and purpose: Given the rapid development and widespread use of mobile phones and their various effects on interactions and communications, it is important to study the negative effects of mobile phones on users’ health. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of mobile phone addiction and its relationship with sleep quality and social anxiety among high school students in Divandareh city in 2018.

Methods: This study is a cross-sectional study. The statistical population included all high school students (16-18 years) in Divandareh city (Kurdistan-Iran province) in 2018. Sampling method was stratified and the sample size was estimated to be 386 according to Cochran formula. The instruments of this study included mobile phone addiction questionnaire, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Questionnaire, and puklek Adolescent Social Anxiety Questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square, Fisher and Mann-Whitney tests.

Results: 370 students responded to the questionnaires. Their average and standard deviation of age were 037/0 ± 8/16. On average, 36% of students had moderate to severe cellphone addiction. Also, there was a significant relationship between mobile phone addiction with sleep quality (P=0.045), gender (P=0.004) and educational status (P=0.017). But there was no statistically significant relationship between mobile phone addiction and social anxiety (P=0.549) and family economic status (P=0.13).

Conclusion: Given the significant prevalence of mobile phone addiction in students and its significant relationship with sleep quality, educational status, planning for interventional measures to prevent injury to adolescents increasingly dealing with cell phones, it seems.

Keywords: Mobile Phone Addiction; Sleep Quality; Social Anxiety; Students

Abstract| Introduction| Material and Method| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| Acknowledgement| Conflict of Interest| References|