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ISSN: 2641-1725

LOJ Medical Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-1725)

Most Effiecnt Factors Affecting Glycemic Control of Type II Diabetic Patients Attending Suez Canal University Hospitals in Egypt Applying Stepwise Regression Volume 4 - Issue 5

Fatma Ibrahim Abdel-Latif Megahed1* and Hanaa Kassem Farg2

  • 1Assistant lecturer of Family and Community Health Nursing, Suez Canal University, Egypt
  • 2Lecturer of Family and Community Health Nursing, Suez Canal University, Egypt

Received: February 12, 2020;   Published: February 21, 2020

*Corresponding author: Fatma Ibrahim Abdel-Latif Megahed, Assistant lecturer of Family and Community Health Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Suez Canal University, Egypt


DOI: 10.32474/LOJMS.2020.04.000200

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Abstract

Background: Glycemic control is a very important instrument that prevents or delays the complications associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Aim of the study:

to assess factors affecting glycemic control among type 2 diabetic patients attending Suez Canal University Hospitals in Egypt.

Design: A cross-sectional analytic design was employed in this study.

Setting: this study was conducted at the diabetic and the family medicine outpatient clinics of Suez Canal University Hospitals in Ismailia city, Egypt.

Sample: included 92 type 2 diabetic patients who were selected using purposive sampling technique.

Tools of data collection: A structured interviewing questionnaire about socio-demographic, diabetes history, and clinical characteristics was used to collect data and measurement of blood glucose control through glycated hemoglobin.

Results: Of the total 92 participants, less than two thirds of the participants had poor glycemic control. The differences regarding age, total socio-economic score, duration of the previous diagnosis of diabetes and body mass index between the two groups were not significant. Presence of hypoglycemic attacks and presence of previous surgical history were associated with glycemic control.

Conclusion: Presence of hypoglycemic attacks increases; it affects the normal values of HbA1c negatively while presence of previous surgical history increases; it affects the normal values of HbA1c positively. Recommendations: applying educational program on managing glycemic control and associated factors for type 2 diabetic patients using understandable methods and further researches should be conducted to improve glycemic control for type 2 diabetic patients.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus; Type 2 diabetes mellitus; Glycemic control

Abstract| Introduction| Subjects and Methods| Results| Discussion| References|

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