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ISSN: 2637-4544

Interventions in Gynaecology and Women's Healthcare

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4544)

Impacts of Uterine Leiomyomata on Women’s Quality of Life

Volume 2 - Issue 3

Marwa Mohamed Awad Allah1, Faisal Mohammed Salih Basama2, Amir Elnahas3* and Ameer Osman Abaker4

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Omdurman Maternity Teaching Hospital, Omdurman, Sudan
    • 2,3FRCOG, Senior Attending Physician in Obstetrics and Gynecology, Sidra Medicine, Assistant Professor of Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology, Weill Cornell Medical College-Qatar, Doha, Qatar
    • 4Consultant obstetrician and Gynecologist, Ibrahim Malik Teaching Hospital, Associate professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Khartoum, Khartoum, Sudan

    *Corresponding author: Amir Elnahas, Senior Consultant obstetrician and gynecologist, Sidra medical centre, PO Box 26999, Doha, Qatar, Assistant professor of clinical obstetrics and gynecology, Weil Cornell medical college, Qatar

Received: July 11, 2018;   Published: August 13, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/IGWHC.2018.02.000139

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Background: Most women with Uterine Leiomyomata (UL) attribute various negative experiences in their lifetime to symptoms related to UL such as: abnormal uterine bleeding, various pressure symptoms and pelvic pain. Most of the research on UL examined the efficacy of treatment modalities, but only few researchers have addressed the impact of the disease on the women’s Health- Related Quality of Life (HRQL).

Methods: This is a descriptive, prospective, hospital-based qualitative study. The data was collected by: Focus Group (FG) interviews and by structured questionnaire. 200 women with symptomatic UL were recruited over a period of 6 months. The data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) data analysis tool, Version 20.

Results: The majority of women (98%) graded their symptoms as moderate or severe. The mostly affected group are those in the reproductive age (20 to 39 years). 69% of the employed women claimed that the disease has affected their work and 55% of them reported UL as a reason for their absence from work. 27.2% of all women think that the disease has moderately restricted their social and physical activities, whereas 66.4% think the impact on their work is severe. 28.3% of all women think that their sexual life was moderately dysfunctional because of the disease and 52.2% think the effect was severe. 36.8% and 61.6% of all women reported moderate to severe psychological concerns respectively, such as: the sensation of fear, feeling of unfairness, and discouragement.

Conclusions: Uterine leiomyomata are a common health concern for women in the child-bearing age. Symptomatic UL has apparently a negative impact on: women HRQL, sexual and social lives and it appears to affect their work performance. There is no significant correlation between the women symptoms and type of employment; however, the study is suggestive of a possible positive correlation between the women severity of symptoms and: social activities, energy, mood, sense of control, and sexual function.

Abstract| Introduction| Uterine Leiomyomata and the Quality of Life| The Rationale| The Methods| Discussion| Conclusion| Acknowledgement| References|