email   Email Us: phone   Call Us: +1 (914) 407-6109   57 West 57th Street, 3rd floor, New York - NY 10019, USA

Lupine Publishers Group

Lupine Publishers

  Submit Manuscript

ISSN: 2637-4544

Interventions in Gynaecology and Women's Healthcare

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-4544)

How Do the Different Types of Diabetes Influence Pregnancy Outcomes? Retrospective study from January 2017 to Dec 2018 at Khoula hospital Volume 4 - Issue 3

Vijayalakshmy Attuveppil Raman1, Aditi Kishore Shinde2*, Reena Mani1, Reeni Mahil Cherian1, Raheela Naheed Khan1, Mradula Sharma1, Sudha Krishnan1, Anju Anna Biju1, Saima Batool1, Aisha Farooq1, Ezhyl Arasi1, Athira Rajamma1 and Anuja Thomas1

  • 1Khoula Hospital Muscat Oman
  • 2Glangwili General Hospital, Camarthen, UK

Received: February 24, 2021; Published: March 4, 2021

Corresponding author:Aditi Kishore Shinde, Glangwili General Hospital, Camarthen, UK

DOI: 10.32474/IGWHC.2021.04.000189

Fulltext PDF

To view the Full Article   Peer-reviewed Article PDF


Objective: The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of diabetes in labouring women from January 2017 to December 2018 and compare the feto-maternal outcomes of GDM, Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Methodology: A retrospective cohort of diabetic women in pregnancy who delivered at Khoula hospital were identified from the electronic medical record system in Khoula hospital, Muscat, Oman from January 2017 to December to 2018 and analysed for feto-maternal parameters.

Results: 11190 files were analysed, 2859 (25.5%) patients were identified to have diabetes. 437 patients were excluded and 2422 were selected. Overall prevalence of diabetes was 25.8%. 2062 (85.1%) had GDM, 329 (13.5%) NIDDM and 38(1.56%) had IDDM. Mean age was 32.8+/- 4.6yrs. The obesity rate in the cohort was 60.3% and overall mean BMI was 31.7+/- 5.2. Optimum control was achieved in 89.5% of women. Mean gestational age of delivery was 38+/- 1.2 wks. Macrosomia was seen in 5.7% and shoulder dystocia rate was 0.78%. 9.9% babies were born preterm overall. Overall induction of labor was 17.09% and caesarean rate was 27.4%. Mean birthweight was 3133+/-430gm. 88.4% of women had good neonatal outcome. 4.79% babies had congenital anomalies and 5.9 % babies were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit.

Conclusion: The accelerated rate of diabetes in pregnancy in this study could be explained by the exponential increase in obesity and lower fasting cut off values for diagnosis of diabetes. Timely induction of labor and caesarean section led to improved perinatal outcomes.

Keywords:Diabetes in Pregnancy; Gestational Diabetes; Maternal Outcomes; Caesarean Section; Perinatal Outcomes; Oman; Macrosomia; Shoulder Dystocia; Respiratory Distress Syndrome; Diabetes Control.

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| References|