Lupine Publishers Group

Lupine Publishers

ISSN: 2641-1652

Current Trends in Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Mini Review(ISSN: 2641-1652)

The Current Approach to the Hepatocellular Carcinoma; A Mini Review of Etiology, Prognosis and Treatment

Volume 2 - Issue 1

Nuri Emrah Göret1*, Ceren Canbey Göret2, Mehmet Gokçeimam1, Nalan Turan Güzel2, Noyan İlhan1 and Ömer Faruk Özkan3

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1 Department of General Surgery, Kartal Dr Lütfi Kırdar Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    • 2 Department of Surgical Pathology, Sancaktepe Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey
    • 3 Department of General Surgery, Umraniye Research and Education Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

    *Corresponding author: Nuri Emrah Goret MD, Kartal Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Research and Education Hospital, Department of General Surgery, Istanbul, Turkey

Received:March 05, 2019;   Published: March 11, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/CTGH.2018.01.000130

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Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common liver malignancy worldwide and is one of the major causes of cancerrelated deaths. HCC is reported to be the second most fatal malignancy. The major risk factors for HCC are well known; the known risk factors include hepatitis C virus (HCV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). Major advances have been reported in the treatment of HCC. Success of early diagnosis increases when these risk factors are identified, and the cases are followed up. It is reported that in the treatment of early-diagnosed HCC cases, ethanol injection or radiofrequency ablation methods as well as surgical resection should be preferred, particularly in cases without liver cirrhosis and in cases where the tumor is restricted. Similarly, liver transplantation may be an option for patients that meet specific criteria.

Keywords: Hepatocellular Carcinoma; Liver Carcinoma; Liver; Cirrhosis

Abstract| Introduction| References|

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