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ISSN: 2641-1652

Current Trends in Gastroenterology and Hepatology

Research Article(ISSN: 2641-1652)

3 Years Food-Born Illness Study, in Transylvania- Romania

Volume 2 - Issue 3

Liana Monica Deac* and Gliga VD

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Public Health Center, Univeristy Babes- Bolyai, Romania

    *Corresponding author: Liana Monica Deac, MD, PhD, First Degree Scientist and Researcher, Senior Epidemiologist, Associate Professor, Public Health Center, Univeristy Babes- Bolyai, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Received:May 07, 2019;   Published: May 14, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/CTGH.2018.02.000138

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Abstract

Foodborne illness is a common, costly yet preventable public health problem. Every year in the United States, 17 percent of Americans get sick, as a result of consuming contaminated foods or beverages. During the last 3 years 2016-2018, We have observed 183 Food born diseases in our Transylvania region, from Romania, and did a complex epidemiological and clinical study about. On same time, We offer interpretations and conclusions of the cases. Most cases appeared in adults with several chronic illnesses, in 56%, men in 68% from Rural side in 57%. The pathology was relevant in family events, when food contamination occurred probably at any point, from: production, processing, distribution, or any meals preparation with eggs, milk and meat products. There were several clinical forms, from simple one, in 70%, middle one, in 22% to severe who arrived in totality to 8 % and needed almost several days of hospitalization. These food- born infection have had the etiology of bacterial origin, as Salmonella spp. in 67%, Salmonella enteritidis in 29%. In other 14% it was determined Staphylococcus aureus. Unfortunate in 19% forms, we could not put in evidence in our labs any microbiological determinant. To protect people from such diseases, there is needed to survive correct each chain of food production, processing, transportation, handling, and all preparation steps. Most important is to wash well hands during meals preparation.

Keywords: Food- Born; Illness prevention; Contaminated food products

Abstract| Introduction| Material and Methods| Results and Discussions| Conclusion| References|

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