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ISSN: 2637-4595

Latest Trends in Textile and Fashion Designing

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-4595)

Exploration on Plant Fibers for Advanced Technical Textiles Volume 4 - Issue 2

Umamageshwari S1* and Manonmani G2

  • 1Research Scholar, Department of Home Science (Specialization-Textiles and Clothing), Mother Teresa Women’s University, India
  • 2Assistant Professor, Department of Home Science (Specialization-Textiles and Clothing) Mother Teresa Women’s University, Research and Extension Center, India

Received:June 08, 2021   Published: June 17, 2021

*Corresponding author: Umamageshwari S, Research Scholar, Department of Home Science (Specialization-Textiles and Clothing), Mother Teresa Women’s University, India

DOI: 10.32474/LTTFD.2021.04.000181

Abstract PDF


The textile and apparel industry embraces a multifaceted web of interlocked segments that creates fibers, spin yarns, and fabricate cloth, and dye, finishes, print and too industrialized apparel. Technical textiles are recycled in different structures in plentiful industries such as medical, construction, agriculture, transport, sports and hygiene. In industrial employment processes technical textiles are previously owned for machine clothing, filters, and abrasive substrates and in conveyer belts. At current, technical textile materials are highest mostly recycled in medical, furniture, clothing, construction, and hygiene. Furthermore, the connection between textile and apparel manufacture and dispersal should be underlined, and the enablement of these connections is recommended as an important research care. The method begins not only in garment emerging and also has many beginnings in fibers also, one well specimen is photosensitive fiber is the one linked with data transmission which includes the action of light pulses roving with chief fibers. Natural fibre has an unresolved role in in enactment with technical textiles for the reason that of its properties, which might not be supernumerary by man-made fibres.

Keywords:Apparel industry; technical textile; eco-friendly; wearable textiles


Fibers succeed in nature and time ancient; human beings have been added and more dependent on fibers and fibrous resources. It is necessary to place divergent masses on textile technology. The research and proposals of fiber materials are in a conventional line related to the daily life of social mutual people and the expansion of developed industry. Recognized natural fibre fabrication through the deterrence of fungal progress is exposed; beside with the repetition of biotechnology and genetic engineering to grow mandatory physical characteristics [1]. In common, textiles are associated with household applications, and clothing or any additional medicinal products which are centered on textile composites. In modern applications, the textiles materials have numerous uses because of its extraordinary properties such as strength, stiffness and so on. The broad-minded fibre-based products such as wearable semiconductor machinery and keen clothing can be toiling as the second skin to expand facts exchange among humans and the external environment.

Characteristics of Natural Fibres

Cotton is the chief of all-natural fibers which shine of its special properties. Cotton fibre compartments develop at four consistent but different stages of start, elongation, minor cell wall condensing and development besides drying [2]. This paper is a review one with the properties and characterization of few natural fibers along with its application in technical textile area. Asclepias syriaca Fibre: Milkweed is the common name of this plant. The stem part of this plant is yielding fibre which is an applicable for stuffing purpose. Milkweed is measured as a flexible substitutive fiber with plentiful unique properties which are mostly credited to their emptiness constructions. The survival of deep canal along the fiber length is responsible for their perky and fine wadding properties. The biological and biochemical aids of fibres have regular technical application fields, so it can be imitated for the eco-friendly and non- allergenic textiles made of milkweed fibers exactly in production of medical merchandises. Execution and removal of old-style textile materials are nowadays thorough more critically since it was gathering environmental recognition and the demands. Hemp, Flax, Sisal, Coir and Ramie are generally recycled for technical purposes. In modern times, the warning for renewable properties for fibers generally of plant origin is developing. Fibers like milkweed (Figure 1) floss, kapok is not positively spun into yarns and those fibers can be exploited in padding purpose. Stuffing can be done in pillow, mattresses, car seats it can be considered as home textile products and also in mobile tech.

Figure 1: Asclepias syriaca Fiber.


Ananas comosus Fiber: The common name is Pineapple, the fiber is extracted from the leaf part can be converting as yarn and also which has proven for fabrication. Natural fibres composites are care-gripping to concern, for the purpose that of its thickness and environmental nature over outdated compounds, further than plant fibres, numerous animal fibres also have dissimilar types such as products originating the silk, feathers, animal fibres and avian fibre which are major source [3]. For the aim that of the nonappearance of tolerable knowledge of the physical and chemical properties of pineapple leaf fibre, it has not been suitably broken mechanically. It has lignin and cellulose and also developed as a natural resource in paper, pulp and also for further cellulose founded productions [4]. Leaf fibres are end-to-end fibres that way through the leaves of full monocotyledonous plants such as pineapple leaf fibre (Figure 2) sisal, henequen, esparto and abaca. These fibres are also raised as hard fibres. This is due to the detail that they get up in bundles in combinations of distinct cells with the ends superimposing; to produce tolerates filaments through the length of the leaf. These fibres are attentive in great numbers near to the lower shallow of the leaf. The leaves are regularly thick and heavy often with hard surface. These fibres are detained in locus by the cellular tissue of the leaf by feature of gummy and way matters. These substances are the greatest habitually engaged as reinforcing agents [5].

Figure 2: Ananas comosuc Fiber.


Hibiscus sabdariffa Fiber: Gongura is the common name of this plant which takes an important part in South Indian food, especially the leaves; the stem part produces an excellent fiber (Figure 3). The alignment of the fibers in the composite too acts a vital part in the purpose of the strength and the characteristics can also be developed by examining the strength to the angular arrangement of the fibers. This gongura fiber can be applicable while blending with the hard synthetic fibers. This fiber has virtually identical strength to the man-made or synthetic fibers. The motorized properties of the gongura fiber also have estimated [6].

Figure 3: Hibiscus sabdariffa Fiber.


Role of Organic Fibres in Technical Textiles

Over the final years, natural fiber has conservatively been used as reinforcement for material, along with optimistic stuffs of actual gathering such as, stiffness, weight and strength which has some limits in their shape and size of those strong products. The use of pineapple fibre has widespread variety of medical textiles such as biomedical and bio-technological and likewise in drug delivery, tissue engineering, and medical implants and in wound dressings are plausible by pineapple fiber [8]. The lithe fibre-shaped multifunctional strategies, as well as fibre-founded energy storage devices, energy assembling apparatus, Wearable technology chromatic devices also can be applied. The presences of multifunctional fibre campaigns and the fibres with special functions composed with ion exchange, antistatic property, high elasticity, thermal insulation, antibacterial, radiation protection and high elasticity in adding to their enduring properties. Numerous fragments of milkweed are used in medicinal applications. The floss attained from the seed, is castoff for padding purpose. Here forth wherever necessary milkweed fibres can be used for stuffing determination in medicinal products and also in automobile textiles, stuffing in seats, cushion work.

Conclusion & Suggestion

Fiber products are commencement to enter public’s lives, and repetitively varying the style of people’s clothing. Following fiber industry technology, the functional fibres have been extensively studied and applied. Current direction is in progress are energy storage, energy collection, colour tuning, deformable and health monitor are possible through textile fibers. Few smart fibers have its properties in the area of energy harvesting, colour-changing; shape deformable [9]. Some of the fibers have functionality, highperformance and positive weave to functional equipment. Clothing can have designing fashion and the special functionality of fibre applications and textile with the future needs of modern consumers. Smart clothing has engrossed a lot of investment and time from futuristic companies and researchers [10] there has been an express consideration in research and development in the organic fiber combined area due to the best copious, renewable, recyclable, commercial, money-making, formability and sustainable features.


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  2. (2011) Characterization and comparative evaluation of thermal, structural, chemical mechanical, morphological properties of pineapple leaf fibre varieties for use in the composite, industrial crops and products. International Journal of Textiles 43: 529.
  3. M Asim, Khalina Abdan, M Jawaid (2015) A Review on Pineapple Leaves Fibre and its Composites. International Journal of Polymer Science 15: 16.
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  6. Manivel P, Dhamotharan S, Justin Prakasam R, Kishore GM (2021) Evaluation of Tensile, Flexural and Impact Strength of Gongura Fiber Reinforced Epoxy Composite, AIP Conference Proceedings 2317(1).
  7. Roshan S, Sadath Ali, Addullah Khan, Tazneem B, Purohit MG (2008) Wound Healing Activity of Abutilon indicum. Pharmacognocy Magazine 4(15).
  8. Ryszard Kozlowski (2012) Handbook on Natural Fibres. Types, Properties and Factors Affecting Breeding and Cultivation, Wood head Publishing.
  9. Iusuf Khan, Sheik Sha Alam (2020) Waterproof and Oil Repellent Treatments of Cotton Fabric, Journal of Textile Science and Technology, Scientific Research Publisher 6(1): 59-80.
  10. Kim Pickering (2008) Properties and Performance of Natural-Fibre Composites. Wood head Publishing, USA.

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