Integrated pest management (IPM) is the ideal means to reduce
the use of pesticides and preserve the environment from pollution,
which leads to the safety of food and thus the preservation of human
health. For integrated control to succeed, the following methods
must be followed the many steps.
A. First: Follow a suitable agricultural cycle (crop rotation)
where the cultivation of one crop in the same land should not
be repeated more than three times at most or where crops from
different plant families are grown so that the families of diseases
are not available year after year.
B. Second: Preparing the land for agriculture by plowing,
flocculation and sanding, in order to get rid of the spores of fungi
and bacteria from diseases in the soil, as well as the seeds of weeds
and the removal of harmful worms located under the surface of the
C. Thirdly: Weed out mechanically and get rid of the seeds
of weeds lying in the ground of false soil and after the emergence of
weeds on the surface of the earth is disposed of as it is considered
the host of plant pathogens and it also shares the plants in their
food, which affects the plants.
D. Fourth: The use of plant varieties resistant to diseases.
E. Fifth: Agriculture in a timely manner.
F. Sixth: Moderation in irrigation and fertilization.
G. Seventh: After the cultivation of the daily follow-up of the
plantations and when you see the beginning of any infected plant
must be immediately disposed of and the use of protective spray.
H. Eighth: The weather should be monitored daily and when
there is information indicating the possibility of a disease such
as late seminar, for example, some pesticides should be used to
eliminate the bacteria and thus reduce the spread of the disease.
I. Ninth: In case of injury already must be treated with
pesticides, whether vital or chemical, considering the conditions
through which the pesticide is used:
a) The suitable pesticide with the suitable dose on the
b) The pre-harvest period (PHI)should also be followed. This
is the period in which the residue of the pesticide is eliminated
All the above can be named Integrated Pest Management (IPM).