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ISSN: 2641-6794

Open Access Journal of Environmental & Soil Science

Review Article(ISSN: 2641-6794)

Health and Environmental Effects of Organochlorine Pesticides in Developing Countries

Volume 2 - Issue 2

Kiran Raj Awasthi1 and Mamata Sherpa Awasthi2*

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    • 1 Program Manager, Save the Children International, Malaria Program, Nepal
    • 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Janamaitri Foundation Institute of Health Sciences, Hattiban, Lalitpur, Nepal

    *Corresponding author: Mamata Sherpa Awasthi, Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Janamaitri Foundation Institute of Health Sciences, Hattiban, Lalitpur, Nepal

Received: February 22, 2019;   Published: March 05, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/OAJESS.2019.02.000135

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Introduction

Organochlorine pesticide (OCP) was first synthesized in 1884, however, its use became evident during the 2nd World war when it was used as an insecticide in controlling various vector borne diseases such as malaria and typhus [1]. The post war era saw OCP being used extensively in the agricultural sector as a potent pesticide in addition to its use in indoor residual sprays (IRS) for vector control [1]. The adverse effects on human health and environment caused by OCP led to an international call for its ban in late 1960s [2]. Though this ban was implemented in most developed countries, OCP is still widely used in developing countries because of its low cost, easy availability and effectiveness as pesticides and vector control [2]. India alone uses over 88,000 metric tons of pesticide annually out of which 70% constitutes of OCP [3]. The persistent use of OCP in developing countries could be due to the belief that the immediate benefits brought by the pesticide in saving human lives from vector borne diseases is far important than the long-term consequences caused by it. This paper aims to explore the various health and environmental impacts that are attributed to OCP use.

Introduction| OCP Effects on Health and Environment| Conclusion| References|

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