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ISSN: 2638-5910

Archives of Diabetes & Obesity

Research Article(ISSN: 2638-5910)

Socioeconomic Variables Responsible for Enhancing Non- Communicable Diseases Among Bangladeshi Adults: A Factor Analysis Approach Volume 2 - Issue 4

Keshab Chandra Bhuyan*

  • Former Professor of Statistics, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh

Received: October 29, 2019   Published: November 14, 2019

Corresponding author: Keshab Chandra Bhuyan, Former Professor of Statistics, Jahangirnagar University, Bangladesh

DOI: 10.32474/ADO.2019.02.000142

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The present analysis was based on data collected from 785 adults investigated from families of 2% randomly selected students of American International University-Bangladesh. The students themselves collected the information from their adult family members through a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire. Among the investigated unit’s 49.4 percent were suffering from at least one of the non-communicable diseases. Majority (85.3%) of the NCDs affected adults were diabetic patients. The NCDs affected people were classified by their socioeconomic characters and type of disease and association between type of disease and level of some of socioeconomic characters was observed by chi-square test. Type of disease was significantly associated with residential status, age, height, occupation, income, marital status and physical labor. Among the NCDs affected people 91.2% belonged to obese and overweight group. The odd ratio indicated that the prevalence of diabetes was 1.76 times higher among obese and overweight group of respondents compared to other groups. The study of association between type of disease and level of any of the social factors did not indicate the important factor responsible for NCDs. To identify the important factors responsible for NCDs factor analysis was done. The analysis identified the variables age, followed by marital status, height, habit of taking restaurant food and occupation as responsible factors for the variation in the levels of NCDs.

Keywords: Prevalence of NCDs among adults; Socioeconomic Variables; Association of the type of NCDs and Socioeconomic Variables; Odds Ratio; Factor Analysis

Abstract| Introduction| Methodology| Results| Factor Analysis| Discussion| Conclusion| References|