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Research Article(ISSN: 2638-5910)

Overweight and Obesity in Saudi Adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Volume 1 - Issue 3

Khalid S Aljabri1*, Samia A Bokhari1, Muneera A Alshareef1, Patan M Khan1 and Bandari K Aljabri2

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    • 1Department of Endocrinology, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
    • 2College of medicine, Um Al Qura University, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

    *Corresponding author: Khalid SJ Aljabri, Department of Endocrinology, King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Received: September 05, 2018;   Published: September 11, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/ADO.2018.01.000115

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Abstract

Background: Worldwide epidemic exists with respect to diabetes mellitus, primarily because of increased rates of obesity. The trend of increasing obesity prevalence has increased at a faster rate in patients with T1DM compared to the general population.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Primary Health Care Clinics and the diabetes centre at King Fahad Armed Forces Hospital. A total of 237 Saudi with T1DM and 238 non diabtic patients (control) were randomly selected.

Result: A total of 475 patients attending the Primary Health Care Clinics and the diabetes centre were included in this study;193 (40.6%) were male, 282 (59.4%) were female with mean age 27.6±2.9 years. T1DM group comprised of 237 (49.9%) patients and non-diabetic (control) group comprised of 238 (50.1% ) of the sample. T1DM patients were not significantly different in age, had significant higher BM and HbA1c values when compared to control subjects. A comparison between both diabetic and control groups in relation to BMI subgroups and in relation to gender revealed that T1DM with BMI ≥ 30 (138(56.6%)) were significantly more frequent than control cases (106(43.3%)), P=0.003. However, Overweight and obesity were more frequent in female patients, there were no significant difference between gender. Obesity was significantly more frequent in female T1DM compared to control cases (76.1% vs 23.9%) with female to male ratio 3.2:1.0, p=0.03.

Conclusion: Patients with T1DM develop overweight and obesity more frequently than the general population. Gender-related differences in body weight in young type 1 diabetic adults were observed. The study stress that T1DM patients require special attention. This can be done through health education at the primary care level and the diabetic clinics.

Abstract| Introduction| Methods| Statistical Analysis| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| References|

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