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ISSN: 2637-4749

Concepts of Dairy & Veterinary Sciences

Mini Review(ISSN: 2637-4749)

The Use of Epidural Anaesthesia over General Anaesthesia in Ruminants

Volume 1 - Issue 3

Olaifa AK*1 and Oluranti OI2

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    • 1Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    • 2Department of Physiology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Olaifa AK, Department of Veterinary Surgery and Radiology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria

Received: April 24, 2018;   Published: May 07, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/CDVS.2018.01.000111

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General anaesthesia is an essential component of modern medicine. It is a drug induced reversible condition that includes specific behavioral and physiological traits - unconsciousness, amnesia, analgesia, and akinesia- with concomitant stability of the autonomic, cardiovascular, respiratory, and thermoregulatory systems. General anesthesia in ruminants has inherent risks such as regurgitation of ruminal contents, excessive salivation and the possibility of pulmonary aspiration; therefore it is not always recommended and local or regional techniques may be used instead. Epidural anaesthesia is a central neuraxial block technique which is used regularly in veterinary practice for treatment of different obstetrical and surgical interferences in the perineal, sacral, lumbar, and caudal parts of the thoracic region of domestic animals. There have been several scientific researches on the use of epidural anesthesia in ruminants and other species for various surgical and laboratory procedures. In conclusion, the disadvantages of general anaesthesia outweigh the advantages especially in ruminant specie. Therefore, epidural anaesthesia is the most preferred.

Keywords: Anaesthesia; Ruminant; Epidural; General

Abstract| Introduction| Advantages and Disadvantages in Ruminants| Conclusion| References|