Freshwater toxic cyanobacteria can produce potent cyanotoxins which are detrimental and lethal to animals. Water from
farm ponds contaminated by cyanotoxins can carry the toxins to nearby livestock facilities, posing a threat of animal poisoning
when toxins reach a dangerous level. Therefore, fast and precise means should be conducted to reveal the existence and levels of
cyanotoxins and toxic cyanobacteria to find out such threats in a timely fashion.