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ISSN: 2637-4749

Concepts of Dairy & Veterinary Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4749)

Histomorphometric and Blood Profile of Broiler Chicks Fed Varied Levels of Protein

Volume 4 - Issue 2

Shittu MD1*, Adejumo DO2, Ademola SG3 and Alagbe JO4

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Department of Animal Production and Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Nigeria
    • 2Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
    • 3Department of Animal Nutrition and Biotechnology, LAUTECH, Nigeria
    • 4Department of Animal Nutrition & Biochemistry, Sumitra Research Institute, Gujarat, India

    *Corresponding author: Shittu MD, Department of Animal Production and Health, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH) Nigeria

Received: September 22, 2020;   Published: October 08, 2020

DOI: 10.32474/CDVS.2020.04.000181

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Abstract

Background: Gut plays active role in screening what goes into the blood stream and blood is very important parameter to access for us to establish the health status of animal to any dietary variation, this will help the producer ability to guaranty the consumers’ health. Therefore, this research was designed to determine gut histomorphometry and blood profile of broiler starter fed varied levels of protein.

Material and Method: A total of 144 days-old-broiler chicks were used for the study. Broiler standard starter mash with varied protein percentages of 20, 23, and 26%, respectively for treatments 1, 2 and 3 were used. Data were analysed using ANOVA at α0.05.

Results: Except crude protein and ash contents, others nutrient digestibility’s were not affected by the dietary treatments. Birds fed lower crude protein had the lowest crude protein digestibility while birds fed standard diet (23% CP) had the best and highest crude protein digestibility. White blood cell decreases with decrease dietary protein, this might have serious effect on the immunity level of the broilers. Also, globulin increases while albumin decreases with increase in dietary protein levels. Serum total protein increases with increase in the dietary protein levels and diet with 26% CP recorded the highest value (5.82g/dL). Serum cholesterol values were significantly higher at lower protein level unlike serum protein while different gut parts response significantly different to dietary treatments.

Conclusion: At early stage broiler growth, diet need to have higher CP to improve the immunity and health growth of gut.

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results and Discussion| References|

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