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ISSN: 2637-4749

Concepts of Dairy & Veterinary Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4749)

Efficacy of Fennel seed and Koseret Leaf Powders against Pulse Beetle (Callosobruchus Chinensis L.) in Stored Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.)

Volume 3 - Issue 4

Getachew Geresu, Zekeria Yusuf* and Sewnet Mengistu

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • School of Biological and Biotechnological Sciences, Haramaya University, Ethiopia

    *Corresponding author: Zekeria Yusuf, School of Biological and Biotechnological Sciences, Haramaya University, Ethiopia

Received: February 18, 2020;   Published: March 04, 2020

DOI: 10.32474/CDVS.2020.03.000168

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Pulse beetle (Callosobruchus chinensis L.) also commonly called bruchid, is one of the most destructive and cosmopolitan pests of stored legume. The present study was carried out to investigate the efficacy of botanical pesticides like funnel seeds and koseret leaf in management of pulse beetle (C. chinensis) in stored chickpea. An experimental design of A 1 x 1 x 3 [200grams of chickpea grains + 20 pulse beetles + (5gm, 10gm, and 15gms of funnel seed, koseret leaf, admixture of both funnel seed and koseret leaf powders)] factorial experiment was laid in a Complete Randomized Design (CRD) in two replications. The result of repellence test of pulse beetle against fennel seed and koseret leaf powders has indicated that, all the treatments have shown high repellence against pulse beetle at all amounts of treatments (5, 10, and 15grams) across the whole durations.
Mortality of pulse beetle, C. chinensis adult at different days after treatment with fennel seed and koseret leaf powders in solo and in their combined forms has shown significantly the highest pulse beetle mortality rate (60%) for koseret leaf powders followed by the admixture of koseret leaf and fennel seed powders during 20th days of treatment indicating toxicity effect of these powders on pulse beetle. The Effect of different concentrations of fennel seed and koseret leaf powders on chickpea seed damage as weight loss and germination loss caused by pulse beetle revealed that, there was no significance difference in weight loss and germination potential of chickpea seeds among treatments indicating that treatment with fennel seeds and koseret leaf powders did not affect the quality of chickpea seeds. The result of the present study demonstrated that both fennel seed and koseret seed can be used in control of pulse beetle. Further studies are required to test the effect of these botanical powders in the form of chemical extracts, or formulations with other ecofriendly pesticides in stored grains and foliage pests.

Keywords: Ecofriendly pesticides, Germination test, Mortality rate, Repellence test, Seed quality, Weight loss

Abstract| Introduction| Material and Methods| Result and Discussions| Conclusion| References|