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ISSN: 2637-4749

Concepts of Dairy & Veterinary Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4749)

Effect of Periparturient Intranasal Vaccination on Post Parturient Health Parameters in Holstein Cows

Volume 3 - Issue 4

Cortese VS1*, Pinedo PJ2, Manriquez D2, Velasquez-Munoz A2, Solano G2, Short TH3, Cleale R3, Edwards G4, Montgomery T5, Pedraza JR3 and Bachtell R6

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    • 1Zoetis INC, 746 Veechdale Road, USA
    • 2Department of Animal Sciences, Colorado State University, USA
    • 3Zoetis INC, Parsippany, USA
    • 4sup>1070 Kenilworth Ave. Napoleon, USA
    • 5Maple Row Dairy, Saranac, USA
    • 6Bachtell Veterinary Service, Mercersburg, USA

    *Corresponding author: Victor Cortese, Zoetis INC, 746 Veechdale Road, Simpsonville, KY 40067, USA

Received: February 18, 2020;   Published: February 27, 2020

DOI: 10.32474/CDVS.2020.03.000167

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The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect on health and reproductive performance of vaccinating Holstein cows with an intranasal modified live viral vaccine (INV) during the peri-parturient period. Two conventional, free stall dairies and one organic certified dairy were enrolled in the study. In the two conventional dairies cows were vaccinated 18-24 days prior to expected parturition. In the third herd cows were vaccinated 18-24 days prior to expected calving date, within twelve hours after parturition or at both time points. Cattle were blocked based on parity group and expected calving date and randomized to the experimental treatments (vaccination and control) within blocks. Health and reproductive outcomes were monitored and compared to matched, randomly assigned control cows. Results from the first two dairies were used to determine power calculations for the final study in herd 3. The greatest effects of vaccination were decreases in total cows removed from the herd throughout the lactation, decreased presentation of retained fetal membranes, and lower incidences of pneumonia and mastitis. Overall, a greater impact was determined with two doses and, if one dose was administered, the results tended to favor administration at calving.

Keywords: postpartum health, postpartum immune suppression, calving stress, intranasal vaccination, immunomodulation

Abbreviations: RFM: Retained Fetal Membranes; BRSV: Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus; CON: Non-Vaccinated Negative Control; AI: Artificial Insemination

Abstract| Introduction| Material and Methods| Results| Discussion and Conclusion| References|


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