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ISSN: 2637-4749

Concepts of Dairy & Veterinary Sciences

Review Article(ISSN: 2637-4749)

An Introductory to Fasciolosis

Volume 2 - Issue 3

Tewodros Alemneh1*, Mebrate Getabalew2 and Dawit Akeberegn3

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    • 1 Woreta Town Office of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, Ethiopia
    • 2 Department of Animal Science, Debre Berhan University, Ethiopia
    • 3Debre Berhan City Municipality Office, Meat Inspection and Hygiene, Ethiopia

    *Corresponding author: Tewodros Alemneh, Woreta Town Office of Agriculture and Environmental Protection, South Gondar Zone, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia

Received: January 22, 2019;   Published: March 01, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/CDVS.2018.02.000139

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Abstract

Fasciolosis is a disease of sheep, cattle, goats and occasionally humans. It is caused by a trematode called Fasciola with the two most common species of Fasciola hepatica (F. hepatica) and Fasciola gigantica (F. gigantica). The parasites encyst in the bile ducts and liver parenchyma of animals. Fasciolosis is common in marshy water bodies where favorable for its intermediate host. Snails of the genus Lymnae facilitate its survival and ubiquity worldwide. The disease causes serious economic losses annually, either directly or indirectly, by disrupting animal production. Therefore; this introductory review highlights on the occurrence, epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of fasciolosis.

Keywords: Fasciolosis; Occurrence; Epidemiology; Diagnosis; Treatment; Prevention; Control

Abstract| Introduction| Liver Fluke Infection| Etiology| Morphology| Epidemiology| Life Cycle| Pathogenesis and Clinical Signs| Diagnosis| Treatment and Control| Conclusion| Acknowledgements| Authors Contribution| Conflicting of Interests| References|