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ISSN: 2690-5760

Journal of Clinical & Community Medicine

Case reportOpen Access

The Efficacy of Cognitive Therapy (CT) on Beliefs in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Volume 1 - Issue 5

Hamed Kavand1* and Shahrbanoo Ghahari2

  • 1Clinical Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Iran
  • 2Department of Mental Health, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences (IUMS), Iran

Received: February 18, 2020   Published: February 27, 2020

Corresponding author: Hamed Kavand, MA of Clinical Psychology, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran


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Objective: Dysfunctional attitudes are factors leading to many of psychiatric diseases such as obsession. In this regard, this study was conducted to examine the efficacy of Cognitive Therapy (CT) on beliefs in Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD).

Method: Experimental method with two control and experimental groups applied in this study. Statistical population of this study consisted of 120 patients with OCD referring to a specialized clinic for OCD treatment in Tehran; of that, 40 patients who had required criteria were selected through random method and assigned to two 20-member groups including experimental group (cognitive restructuring) and control group. Pretesting two groups, first group participated in 10 sessions for cognitive restructuring while control group were in waiting list. Weissman and Beck’s Dysfunctional Attitude Scale was used as tool in this research and obtained findings were analyzed using descriptive statistics and ANCOVA through SPSS-18 Software.

Results: The results showed that there is a significant difference between two groups in negative beliefs in post intervention (P<0.001).

Discussion and Conclusion: Cognitive therapy could significantly effect on negative beliefs and attitude in patients with OCD.

Keywords: Cognitive therapy; belief; Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)

Abstract| Introduction| Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| Acknowledgement| References|