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ISSN: 2637-4668

Trends in Civil Engineering and its Architecture

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4668)

Sete Fontes: a Challenge to Promote the Heritage Legacy andFacing Water Sources Scarcity in the city of Braga-Portugal

Volume 2 - Issue 1

JMP Vieira*, AALS Duarte* and PJ Ramisio

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minho, Portugal

    *Corresponding author: JMP Vieira and António Sampaio Duart, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal

Received: April 16, 2018;   Published: April 20, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/TCEIA.2018.02.000129

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An ancient drinking water supply system, called Sete Fontes (Seven Springs), was built in the mid eighteenth century in the city of Braga. The system is composed by underground galleries, cisterns, waterspouts, fountains, and (covered) stone aqueduct channels with about 3500m long. This national monument, still existing and active, preserves both the original memorial role (representative of a boost to urban and baroque architecture), and the original function(improvement of quality of life), being a witness of the evolution of hydraulic engineering concepts, which greatly contributed to the improvement of urban infrastructures and the protection of public health. This paper also presents an overview of the history of the water supply system of the city of Braga, from the Roman period to the contemporary age, with special focus on Sete Fontes water sources characterization (morphological, hydrogeological, hydraulic, and water quality). This heritage legacy is invaluable not only for its history and cultural significance, while maintaining its authenticity and integrity, but also due to its confirmed water quality that can be an added value, taking a new relevance to address future scarcity scenarios of safe water sources in a climate change context..

Abstract| Introduction| Roman Period| Middle Age| Modern Age| Contemporary Age| Sete Fontes: A Safe Water Legacy| Location and Morphology| Hydraulics and Water Quality| Safe Water Sources Scarcity: A Challenge for the Future of Cities| Acknowledgement| References|