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ISSN: 2637-4609

Archives of Organic and Inorganic Chemical Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4609)

Synthesis and Characterization of Poly (1,4-Benzenedimethylene Phthalate) and the Study of its ability to sorb Pb(II), Cd(II), and Zn(II) ions

Volume 1 - Issue 1

Aisha N Al-Blawi, Fawwaz I Khalili* and Bassam A Sweileh

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Department of Chemistry, The University of Jordan, Jordan

    *Corresponding author: Fawwaz I Khalili, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan 11942, Jordan

Received: January 11, 2018;   Published: January 23, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/AOICS.2018.01.000101

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Poly (1,4-benzenedimethylene phthalate) was synthesized by condensation of phthaloyl chloride with 1,4-benzenedimethanol in the presence of pyridine in dry THF at 30 °C . The resulting polymer white powder was characterized by viscosity measurement, FT-IR, 1H and 13C NMR, elemental analysis, thermal (TGA-DSC) methods and scanning electron microscopy. The uptake properties of Pb(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) metals by the polymer from aqueous solutions were studied by the batch and column techniques as a function of pH, temperature, concentration and contact time. The uptake increased with increasing pH reaching a maximum at pH = 6.00 for all ions. The polymer showed high uptake capacities toward Pb(II) and Zn(II) ions, but medium uptake capacity toward Cd (II). The linearized forms of Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich adsorption isotherms indicate studied ions Pb(II), Zn(II), and Cd(II). The adsorption capacity follow the order: Pb(II) > Zn(II) > Cd(II).

The thermodynamic functions, ΔG°, ΔH° and ΔS° were determined for Pb(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II); the values of ΔG° indicated that the adsorption process of these metal ions on the polymer is favorable. In this work, the values of ΔGǂ, ΔHǂ and ΔSǂ were determined by using Eyring-Polanyi equation and Arrhenius equation. The results indicated that ΔGǂ=72.8, 78.6, 87.8kJ/mol for Pb, Zn, Cd ions, respectively. The column experiments for metal ion uptake were conducted at pH= 6.0, 25.0 °C, and initial concentration of 150.0mg/L. The loaded concentrations were 76.42, 49,05 and 28.47 ppm for Pb, Zn, Cd ions, respectively. The efficiency for recovery of metal ions after adsorption by treatment of the loaded polymer with 0.1M HNO3, 0.1M EDTA, gave good percent recovery for 0.1M HNO3

Keywords: Benzendimethanol; Phthalate polymers; Condensation polymerization; Polymers uptake; Metal ion uptake; Adsorption

Abstract| Introduction| Experiment| Results and Discussion| Column Experiments| Conclusion| Acknowledgment| References|