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ISSN: 2637-4609

Archives of Organic and Inorganic Chemical Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4609)

Phytochemical Screening and Proximate Analysis of Garlic (Allium Sativum)

Volume 4 - Issue 1

Muhammad Ali1* and Idris S Ibrahim2

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Department of Microbiology, Federal University Gusau, Nigeria
    • 2Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, School of Technology, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Muhammad Ali, Department of Microbiology, Federal University Gusau, Nigeria

Received: March 27, 2019;   Published: April 29, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/AOICS.2019.04.000180

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Abstract

Natural products have been an integral part of ancient traditional medicine systems. The objective of the study was to investigate the phytochemical constituents and proximate composition of Garlic (A. sativum) extracts. The phytochemical screening of the Garlic for various phytochemical constituents was conducted using laboratory method. The proximate and mineral composition was determined using standard method. The qualitative phytochemical screening of Allium sativum aqueous and ethanol extracts indicated the presence of Alkaloid, terpenoids, flavonoids, steroid, phenol, Anthraquinones, saponin, tannin and glycoside. Quantitatively, Alkaloid was found to be the abundant constituent making about 7.2%, followed by Tannin and saponin constituting 4.8% and 4.3% respectively. The qualitative proximate composition of the bulb extract of Allium sativum bulb in g/100g showed the extract contain carbohydrate, protein, fats, fibre, moisture and ash while the quantitative analysis result was presented as carbohydrate with 66.00%, protein 16.23%, fats 2.44%, crude fibre 03.96%, moisture content 5.52% and ash content 05.85%. The mineral composition analysis of the bulb indicates the presence of calcium (23.40%), potassium (10.95%), magnesium (3.90%), zinc (0.44%), phosphorous (9.85%), iron (5.20%) and copper (0.05%). The presence of nutrients proves why A. sativum bulb can be used as food supplement.

Keywords: Antimony; Consciousness Energy Healing Treatment; The Trivedi Effect®; PXRD; Particle size

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Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| References|

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