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ISSN: 2638-5945

Open Access Journal of Oncology and Medicine

Case Report(ISSN: 2638-5945)

Thrombosis in Iron Deficiency and Iron Deficiency Anemia: A Review of our Cases and the Relevant Literature

Volume 2 - Issue 3

Ceren Kılcı1, Lale Olcay1*, Taner Sezer1, I Zafer Ecevit1, Murat Özkan2 and Birgül Varan1

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    • 1Department of Pediatrics, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara
    • 2Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara

    *Corresponding author: Lale Olcay, Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Unit of Pediatric Hematology- Oncology, Mareşal Fevzi Çakmak Caddesi, Şehit Temel Kuğuluoğlu Sokak, No:24, 06490, Bahçelievler, Ankara, Turkey

Received: July 18, 2018;   Published: July 30, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/OAJOM.2018.02.000139

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We evaluated our thrombosis cases for iron deficiency (ID) or iron deficiency anemia (IDA) retrospectively and reviewed the literature. We established that iron parameters were studied in 17 of 64 patients with thrombosis and 2 of 17 patients had IDA. Case 1 (age 16, female) had occlusions in sigmoid and transverse sinuses and right jugular vein and case 2 (age 15, male) had infarct in right cerebellar hemisphere. While case 1 additionally had mastoiditis, high Factor (F) VIII and PAI 4G/5G polymorphism, case 2 who underwent a recent aortic graft insertion operation for aortic aneurysm had high serum lipids, lipoprotein a, homocysteine, FVIII, d-dimer. Of 54 thrombosis cases with ID/IDA in the literature, cerebral thrombosis made up of 70.4% of all the cases, venous cerebral occlusions comprising 100% and 66% of venous thrombosis in children and adults respectively. Our findings show that ID/ IDA may be a risk factor for thrombosis, especially in cerebral veins.

Keywords: Iron deficiency anemia; Coagulation; Thrombosis; Thromboembolism

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Results| Case 1 (O.E.)| Case 2 (EA)| Literature Review| Discussion| Conclusion| References|