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ISSN: 2638-5945

Open Access Journal of Oncology and Medicine

Research Article(ISSN: 2638-5945)

Haematological Studies on Multiple Squamous Cell Carcinoma Patients in Nigeria

Volume 3 - Issue 2

Obeagu Emmanuel Ifeanyi1,2*, Okorie Hope M2, Obeagu Getrude Uzoma3 and Anaebo Queen Braxton N4

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Medical Laboratory Science, University Health Services, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Nigeria
    • 2Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Imo State University, Nigeria
    • 3Department of Nursing Science, Ebonyi State University, Nigeria
    • 4Department of Accident/Emergency, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

    *Corresponding author: Obeagu Emmanuel Ifeanyi, Medical Laboratory Services, University Health Services, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria

Received: September 27, 2019;   Published: October 03, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/OAJOM.2019.03.000158

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Multiple squamous cell carcinomas (MSCCs) in albinos occur mainly due to light melanin and constant exposure to ultraviolet rays of sun light. A study to evaluate changes in haematological parameters was done in albinos with multiple squamous cell carcinomas in a tertiary health institution in Enugu, Nigeria. A total of 40 subjects were recruited for the study comprising 20 subjects each for MSCC and control. About 2ml of venous blood was collected by venepuncture into EDTA anticoagulated containers and Mindray BC-5300 used to measure the haematological parameters. The data were analysed using SPSS version 21 with t-test and significance level set at P<0.05. The results showed increase in ESR (19.80±3.40mm/hr, 6.80±2.33mm/hr, 0.000), WBC (5.91±0.45X109/L,4.65±0.59X109/L,P=0.000), Eosinophils (4.06±1.03%,0.54±0.50%, P=0.000) and Monocytes (5.53±1.18%, 1.53±0.51%, P=0.000), decrease in platelets (182.13±41.31 X109/L, 226.26±25.13 X109/L,P= 0.001) and no significant difference (P>0.05) in RBC (4.60±0. 30 X1012/L, 4.79±0.38 X1012/L, P=0.133), Haemoglobin (13.80±0.89g/dl, 14.40±1.16g/dl, P=0.121) , PCV (41.40±2.66%,43.20±3.50%, P=0.125) and lymphocytes (48.53±6.46%,45.12±5.09%, P=0.120) of MSCC subjects compared to control respectively. The RBC, Haemoglobin and packed cell volume were not affected with this cancer but platelets, WBC, monocytes, eosinophils, neutrophils showed changes that were statistically significant. The clinicians and all the health practitioners involved with the management of albinos with MSCC should monitors these changes and also be careful to avert cardiovascular disease due to shift in neutrophils to lymphocytes ratio.

Keywords: Haematological studies; Multiple squamous cell carcinoma patients; Nigeria

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and methods| Ethical Consideration| Statistical Analysis| Discussion| Conclusion| References|