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ISSN: 2638-5945

Open Access Journal of Oncology and Medicine

Mini Review(ISSN: 2638-5945)

Colorectal Cancer in UAE, Implications on the Screening Program 2018

Volume 2 - Issue 2

Makki H Fayadh* and Salem Awadh Sabih

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • London Consultant Physician & Gastroenterologist, MRCP, UK

    *Corresponding author: Makki H Fayadh, FRCP ED, FRCP London Consultant Physician & Gastroenterologist, MRCP UK

Received: June 25, 2018;   Published: July 03, 2018

DOI: 10.32474/OAJOM.2018.02.000135

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Abstract

Introduction

a) Colorectal cancer is the fourth (4th) common cancer in both sexes, worldwide and is the third most common cancer in men and the second in women.

b) In 2012, 1.36 million cases of colorectal cancer occurred and there were 693,881 deaths

c) The incidence is increasing under age 50 and it is the second killer cancer in UAE in 2017 [1].

d) According to health authority of Abu Dhabi( HAAD) in a report published in 2012 colon cancer is the 2nd common cancer and 4th common cause of cancer deaths in men and 3rd most common cancer and 2nd common cause of cancer deaths in women.(www.haad.ae)

e) In UAE the data showed average age for colorectal cancer to be 51 years, 59% were men and 41 % were women [2].

f) In the Emirate of Abu Dhabi the Health Authority of Abu Dhabi (HAAD) instituted 2013 a colon cancer prevention program including primary preventive strategies by education, weight control& exercise and secondary prevention strategies by either colonoscopy or fecal immune testing starting at age 40-75.

g) The campaign was designed to coincide with the global awareness months in march that are assigned for colorectal cancer [3].

Outcome Study-2012-2018 (Single Center Experience ACDS) 6078 Colonoscopies

a) 6078 colonoscopies performed for multiple indications, 1554 Colon Polyps were detected 22%.

b) 58 cancers were detected during this period 1.1% [4-6].

c) Age range 29-81 years, 41% below 50 years, 22% below age 40.

Conclusion

a) Our single center (ACDS) data of 6078 colonoscopies done for a variety of indications showed 22% colon polyps & 1.1% colorectal cancers .

b) 58 cancers detected 40% below age 50, 22% below age 40.

c) Colorectal cancer affect younger populations.

d) The implication for the screening program is to review the screening age and possibly starting at younger ages.

e) More data from different centers needed to evaluate the age of colorectal cancer screening.

Keywords: Colorectal cancer, Colon polyps, Colorectal cancer screening in UAE

Abstract| Introduction| Conclusion| References|

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