Red ochre or hydrated iron oxide widely used by the H. sapience since the Middle Palaeolithic/Middle Stone Age times or even
earlier, is often considered as one of the most significant proxies of early/modern human behavior, emergence of symbolic behavior
and advanced cognitive abilities in the prehistoric material records. In the present paper we tried to explain the geo-archaeological
contexts of the occurrence of red ochre milling stone with pestles and made a preliminary attempt to trace the source area of this
material. Results of our analysis clearly shows that red ochre blocks/pebbles were imported from distant sources from fro about
60-70 kilometers away from the open-air site of Torajunga for manufacturing powders, purpose of which is still little understood.
However, ethnographic and archaeological sources have been used to possible use of this material at the site.
Keywords: Late middle Palaeolithic; Red Ochre; Provenance Study; Torajunga; Bargarh uplands; Odisha