In the context of the research effort of the Ancient Orchesis Study Group to reconstitute the philosophical and wider cultural
presuppositions that define the ancient Greek dance culture, from which the Greek-speaking and Roman world was removed, to
return with the Renaissance in a new European context, along with the recognition of the basic anthropological, on the one hand,
aesthetic, on the other hand, criteria and principles of art and, in particular, of dance expression, we attempt a review of certain
concepts like χορός & ὄρχησις -which stand for characteristic phenomena of ancient Greek culture. This article plays the role of an
introduction into the philosophical-historical investigation and understanding of concepts of intrinsic importance in the question
about relating philosophy with art, therapy and sports in the ancient world.