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ISSN: 2690-5752

Journal of Anthropological and Archaeological Sciences

Research Article(ISSN: 2690-5752)

Lebollo as a Basotho Indigenous Knowledge Framework for Human and Organizational Flourishing Volume 4 - Issue 2

Ilongo Fritz Ngale*

  • Senior Lecturer Faculty of Education, Department of Adult Education, University of Eswatini, Eswatinik

Received:April 28, 2021   Published: May 11, 2021

Corresponding author: Ilongo Fritz Ngale, Senior Lecturer Faculty of Education, Department of Adult Education, University of Eswatini, Eswatini

DOI: 10.32474/JAAS.2021.03.000181


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This paper posits that indigenous knowledge systems, especially that of the Basotho, termed lebollo, have the essential ingredients for human and organizational flourishing. This is based on it being pragmatic in orientation, implying real and substantial transformation in the following areas: cognitive, affective, practical, social, consciousness, problem-solving abilities, and relationships [1-5]. Lebollo aims at maximizing personal and group effectiveness, socio-culturally responsible and accountable behaviour, and cooperative and collaborative efforts in all community undertakings. Cultural values, socio-economic and political issues are given priority in inter-personal and communal affairs in a bid to strive towards community and national peace, economic self-sufficiency and political freedom. In other words, this paper holds strongly to the view that lebollo is a unique and original framework of indigenous knowledge, which can effectively and efficiently contribute to individual and collective spiritual, moral, psychological and social emancipation and empowerment.

Keywords:Human Factor; Lebollo; Cooperative and Collaborative Actions; Emancipation; Empowerment

Abstract| --> Introduction| Purpose of the Study| Methodology| Theoretical Framework| Lebollo as a Holistic Developmental Model for Human and Organizational Flourishing| Inputs| Processes| Outcomes| Individual Dimension| Collective Dimension| Organizational dimension| Closing Reflections| References|