Dependence of Losses from Natural Hazards on the
Prosperity of Societies: A Brief Review
Volume 1 - Issue 5
- Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
Received: February 24, 2020 Published: March 03, 2020
Corresponding author: MV Rodkin, Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical Geophysics, Russian Academy of
Sciences, Moscow, Russia
To view the Full Article Peer-reviewed Article PDF
The losses due to natural disasters depend, not only on the magnitude of natural destructive factors, but also on the socioeconomic
situation in the society and its capability to withstand those natural factors. Overall, as the Technosphere is developing
and the national wealth increases, the economic losses from disasters become larger, while the number of casualties stabilizes, or
even decreases. This tendency is especially pronounced when countries with different levels of economic maturity are compared.
Viewing the historical past, we can see not infrequent cases in which major natural disasters preceded the conquest of the political
community concerned. However, the converse can also happen: A developing socio-economic crisis results in greater vulnerability
and favors especially large losses.