A lymphocele is a common finding after renal transplantation. The majority of patients are asymptomatic. However, once a
lymphocele has become symptomatic, this condition has to be treated. Lymphoceles may originate either from the lymphatic system
of the recipient or the transplanted kidney. The most sensible measures to prevent their occurrence therefore seems to be to restrict
the transplant bed to the smallest permissible level with careful ligature of the lymphatic vessels in the area of the kidney hilum.
Therapy of a lymphocele after renal transplantation should commence with minimally invasive measures and continue with
invasive procedures only if these are unsuccessful, namely, puncture and drainage then sclerotization, and then laparoscopic or