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ISSN: 2690-5787

LOJ Immunology  & Infectious Disease

Research Article Open Access

The Effect of Some Natural Fermenters on Growth, Heamatology and Escherichia Coli Infection Control in Weaned Pigs

Volume 1 - Issue 1

Karaye GP1*, AC Kudi2, AKB Sackey2 and MA Raji3

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    • 1Department of Parasitology and Entomology, University of Jos, Jos, PMB 2084, Plateau State, Nigeria
    • 2Department of Veterinary Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
    • 3Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ilorin

    *Corresponding author: Karaye GP, Department of Parasitology and Entomology, University of Jos, Jos, PMB 2084, Plateau State, Nigeria

Received: July 25, 2019;   Published: August 02, 2019

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The present study was carried out to evaluate the activities of the Lactobacillus species (LAB) isolated from “burukutu” and pig hindgut with patented probiotics on body weight, hemogram and E. coli infection control in weaned pigs. Sixty (60) large white breed of weaned pigs, aged between 30-35 days old with an average weight of 5 kg. They were randomly allotted to five replicate groups with six pigs each. Group A1 were administered 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) of lactobacillus isolated from “burukutu” and inoculated into wet feed, Group A2, 0.8 ml lactobacillus from “burukutu” (6x106cfu) inoculated in dry feed. Group B1, had, 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) of lactobacillus bacteria isolated from hindgut of pigs and inoculated into wet feed; Group B2, 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) dry feed containing lactobacillus from Pig hindgut. Group C1, 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) fermented liquid feed inoculated with Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilis; Group C2, 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) dry feed inoculated with Bacillus subtilis and Bacillus pumilis. Group D1, 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) fermented liquid feed inoculated with Lactobacillus acidophilus; Group D2, 0.8 ml (6x106cfu) dry feed inoculated with Lactobacillus acidophilus. Group E1, fed wet basal diet; Group E2, fed dry basal diet. Animals in the various treatment’s groups were infected orally with 6 ml (1x1010cfu·ml-1) of E. coli bacteria. Weekly body weight, hematological values and faecal shedding of E. coli post infection were evaluated. WBC, lymphocytes, neutrophils and total protein values were significantly high (p<0.01) in the treatment groups from week 4 to week nine. The wet form of the feed in each treatment produced significantly heavier animals (p<0.01) with an average weight of 25 kg. All dietary treatments showed significant reduction (p<0.05) in E. coli counts. The present study has demonstrated that lactobacillus species isolated from “burukutu” and pig-hindgut was able to improve weight gain and performance of weaned pigs. Therefore, isolated bacteria from “burukutu” and pig hindgut can serve as potent probiotics and growth promoters.

Keywords: Burukutu; Pig Hindgut; Lactic Acid Bacteria; Escherichia Coli Infection Body Weight; Haematology

Abstract| Introduction| Materials and Methods| Mean WBC Count| Effect of Probiotics on Haematological Parameters of Weaned Pigs Fed Actobacillus Fermented Feed| Mean Hemoglobin Value| Discussion| Conclusion| References|