email   Email Us: phone   Call Us: +1 (914) 407-6109   57 West 57th Street, 3rd floor, New York - NY 10019, USA

Lupine Publishers Group

Lupine Publishers

  Submit Manuscript

ISSN: 2637-4668

Trends in Civil Engineering and its Architecture

Research Article(ISSN: 2637-4668)

The Imperative of Participatory Leadership on Nation Building Towards Inclusive Growth in Zanzibar: A Critical Review of Modern Practices Building Social Cohesion in The Urban West Region, Zanzibar

Volume 3 - Issue 4

Ayoub Mohammed Mahmoud*

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • Open University of Tanzania-Zanzibar Centre, Tanzania

    *Corresponding author: Ayoub Mohammed Mahmoud, Open University of Tanzania-Zanzibar Centre, P.O Box 2599, Zanzibar, Tanzania

Received: August 02, 2019;   Published:August 20, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/TCEIA.2018.03.000168

Full Text PDF

To view the Full Article   Peer-reviewed Article PDF


This paper examines the imperative of participatory leadership towards inclusive growth in Zanzibar where a critical review of modern practices towards building social cohesion was undertaken in the Urban West Region, Zanzibar. The study applied both desk-based literature survey and descriptive survey research designs were adopted for the study. Various data collection methods including literature review observation, interviews and questionnaire survey were used to collect information from a total of 60 respondents from the study area. The analysis of the collected qualitative and quantitative data was done through contents analysis and descriptive statistics respectively. Based on the analyzed data the study reveals participatory resource mobilization, community participatory project implementation, community mobilization practices, enhanced community participation and involvement practices and community assurance of peace and harmony as the main available participatory leadership practices in Zanzibar. On the other hand, it was concluded from the study findings, that the contribution of participatory leadership on building social cohesion in Zanzibar include improving community welfare, improving community functional facilities and also participatory leadership enhances transparency and accountability among various actors in the community. Finally, the study concludes citizens, traditional leaders, religious leaders, government leaders and community groups as the main actors in the participatory leadership practices undertaken in the Urban West Region, Zanzibar. Also basing on the study findings, community attitudes were concluded to be the major factor among the revealed factors influencing the participatory leadership practices in the Urban West, Zanzibar. Based on the study findings, the government leaders are urged to deliberately change their leadership style such that involve and engage wider part of the community members as it has been proven to be highly useful in the development process. Also, traditional and religious leaders are hereby urged to equip themselves with the basic understanding of the participatory leadership since it is a useful strategy for joining hands with government leaders in quick and effective community mobilization process. Finally, the citizens who stand as one of the potential actors in the participatory leadership process; should cultivate the culture and mentality for fitting them in the participatory leadership process such that their attitudes can start changing to adapt and fit the participatory leadership practices. Lastly, the study urges government authorities to integrate participatory leadership practices in the curriculum for building up the culture in schools and other formal and informal learning institutions in Zanzibar. This will ensure the sustainable change in attitudes and behaviors towards adoption of participatory leadership practices in their daily participation in the development initiatives..

Keywords: Participatory leadership; Nation building; Inclusive growth; Social cohesion

Abstract| Introduction| Research Methodology| Results| Discussions| Conclusion| Recommendations| References|


Online Submission System

Drag and drop files here


Browse Files
( For multiple files submission, zip them in a single file to submit. For file zipping software Download )