The era of oil and gas pipelines is enduring an informational renovation to recover enactment, minimalize ruptures and spills, and
rise safety, and is fetching to resemble as an example of data-enabled substructure. Pipelines comes to the vision of public cognizance
only when leak occurs, prominent to a toxic spill, or result in an explosion that outlays lives. The industry 4.0 is integrating sensing
knowledge to monitor pressure, flow rate, pumping station parameters, temperature, viscosity, and other external parameters.
The oil industry is habitually alienated into three foremost components: Upstream, midstream and Downstream. The midstream
sector encompasses the transportation (by pipeline, rails, tanker or truck), loading, and comprehensive marketing of refined
petroleum products. Pipelines can be incorporated to transport crude oil from primary production sites to corresponding refineries
and distribute the several refined products to respective downstream distributors. Pipeline networks are tranquilized of several
complex of equipment that function together to transfer refined oil products from main site to consumer location. This paper gives
a short outline on the construction essentials and failure-risks rates involved in the construction of the oil pipeline substations.
Keywords: Oil pipelines; Substation construction and failure rates