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Lupine Publishers

ISSN: 2638-5368

Advancements in Cardiovascular Research

Case Report(ISSN: 2638-5368)

Troubleshooting in Upgrading Procedure: Intraprocedural Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty of Great Vessels

Volume 1 - Issue 5

Morani G*, Bolzan B, Zimelli E, Tomasi L and Ribichini FL

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    • Department of Medicine, University of Verona, Italy

    *Corresponding author: Giovanni Morani, Division of Cardiology, University of Verona, Italy

Received: March 21, 2019;   Published: March 27, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/ACR.2018.01.000128

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Upgrading procedure is relatively common since indications to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) and implantable defibrillator are increasing. A relatively frequent phenomenon that the operator may encounter is some degree of venous obstruction around the previously implanted leads, which may become completely occlusive. In these situations, upgrading procedure may be challenging and various manoeuvers have been described. We describe a case of intraprocedural percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) of occlusive stenosis of the innominate vein, performed during an upgrading procedure from bicameral cardiac implantable defibrillator (ICD) to CRT-D.

Keywords: Upgrading; Cardiac resynchronization therapy; Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty; Venous occlusion

Abstract| Introduction| Case Report| Discussion| References|


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