*Corresponding author:Jorge Carlos Trainini, Department of Cardiac Surgery, Hospital Presidente Perón, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Received: May 28, 2018; Published: June 11, 2018
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Introduction and objectives: The ventricular myocardium consists of a continuous muscular band. This anatomy would provide the interpretation for two fundamental aspects of left ventricular dynamics: the mechanism of left ventricular twist and rapid diastolic filling due to the suction effect. The aim of this study was to investigate the electrical activation of the endocardial and epicardial bands to understand ventricular twist and the mechanism of active suction during the diastolic isovolumic phase.
Methods: Five patients underwent three-dimensional endoepicardial electro anatomic mapping during ablation of lone atrial fibrilation or concealed epicardial accessory pathways.
Results: Three-dimensional endo-epicardial mapping demonstrates an electrical activation sequence in the area of the apex loop in agreement with the synchronic contraction of the descending and ascending band segments. The simultaneous and opposing radial activation of the ascending band segment, starting in the descending band segment, in the area in which both band segments intertwine, is consistent with the mechanism of ventricular twist. The late activation of the ascending band segment is consistent with its persistent contraction during the initial period of the isovolumic diastolic phase (the basis of the suction mechanism).
Conclusion: This study could explain the process of ventricular twist during systole and the active diastolic suction.
Keywords: Heart, Physiology, Cardiac Electrophysiology, Diastole, Isovolumic diastolic phase
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