Lupine Publishers Group

Lupine Publishers

  Submit Manuscript

Advancements in Cardiology Research & Reports

Research Article(ISSN: 2770-5447)

Epidemiological Aspects of Cardiac Decompensation Factors Renaissance Hospital N’Djamena Chad

Volume 2 - Issue 3

Adam Ahamat Ali1*, Kevin Kodingar1 and Lemone Houchine2

  • Author Information Open or Close
    • 1Renaissance Hospital of N’djamena, Chad
    • 2SOS international N’Djamena, Chad

    *Corresponding author:Ali Adam Ahamat, Cardiologist at the Ndjamena Renaissance Hospital, University Assistant at the Faculty of Human Health Sciences of N’Djamena, Chad

Received:September 28, 2019;   Published: October 04, 2019

DOI: 10.32474/ACR.2018.02.000138

Full Text PDF

To view the Full Article   Peer-reviewed Article PDF


Introduction: Cardiac decompensation factors are numerous. Their identification allows better management of patients and limits the rate of rehospitalization. The aim of this work was to identify cardiac decompensation factors and improve their management at the renaissance hospital in N’Djamena, Chad.

Patients and Methods: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study conducted in the cardiology department at N’Djamena Renaissance Hospital, over a period of one year, from 01 January 2018 to 01 January 2019. All patients hospitalized for cardiac decompensation during this period and consented, were included.

Results: During the period of our study, 52 patients were included. The sex ratio was 1.9. The mean age was 48±9 years old. The predominant cardiovascular risk factors were arterial hypertension (37%, n = 19) and diabetes (27%, n = 14). The monthly income of our patients was in the majority of cases less than 200,000 FCFA (44%, n = 23). The main factors of cardiac decompensation were respectively, infections (18%, n = 9), supraventricular arrhythmias (16%, n = 8), changes in temperature (11%, n = 6), therapeutic nonobservance (11%, n = 6), dietary gap (10%, n = 5), and hypertensive relapses (10%, n = 5). The main etiologies of heart failure were ischemic cardiomyopathies (31%, n = 16), dilated cardiomyopathies (25%, n = 13), hypertensive cardiomyopathies (17%, n = 9), and rheumatic valvulopathies (15%). %, n = 8).

Conclusion: Rehospitalizations for cardiac decompensation are common after the first episode of hospitalization. The identification of the risk factors for this decompensation and their management make it possible to avoid these readmissions.

Keywords: Cardiac decompensation factors; Heart failure; Renaissance hospital N’Djamena Chad

Abbreviations: HF: Heart Failure; FFCA: Franc of the Financial Community in Africa; AFA: Atrial Fibrillation Arrhythmia; LV: Left Ventricle

Abstract| Introduction| Patients and Methods| Statistical Analysis| Results| Discussion| Conclusion| References|