Written by Jabatan Perkhidmatan Veterinar Negeri Selangor,
this book is about the guide to farming quail. In Malaysia, quail
and quail eggs have begun to be known since the 1960s, but the
development of this industry is relatively wet. After decades of
recession now the quail eggs and eggs are increasingly popular
popping up part of the country’s meat and egg market space.
Growth in the quail industry is increasingly positive, especially for
broccoli meat where its demand is higher than Malaysia’s quail farm
production. Quail breeders are still in small scale. Many consider
this breeding difficult to reach commercial level. Most breeders
practice traditional farming methods. The supply of quail is very
limited, and the source of the child uses a reproductive system of
rotational methods in which the child replaces the parent. This
breeding method has long been practiced and found out that the
yield and performance of the quail are declining.
Farming of quails and layers does not require extensive areas
to be used to maximize land use in areas with limited agricultural
land. The quail breeding system is also easy and can be managed
using only family members and can be used as a family business.
It also does not require large start-up capital compared to other
poultry farms as well as providing fast and lucrative returns.
Originally breeders acquired a supply of quail from male quail
breeds isolated at two weeks old and from spawning females or
who had passed their spawning age. The use of breeds is limited
because of limited production and the price is quite expensive.
Starting in 1985, Poultry Breeding Center, Bukit Tengah, Penang and
Chicken Development Institute, Johor Bahru was directed by the
Head of Veterinary Services, Malaysia to explore the study of quail
breeding. In the same year the egg of American Bobwhite and the
Coturnix breed of egg breeders have been imported for the study.
In 1986, spicy beef eggs were dim ported from France and England
for a comparative study of meat and egg production performance.
Starting in 1989, Poultry Breeding Center, Bukit Tengah, Penang
and Chicken Development Institute, Johor Bahru and followed by
Sungai Siput Infoternak Farm, Perak has begun producing quality
quail pups and breeds for local breeders. Now the IKTA Quail has
been in the market and guaranteed high quality. It is hoped that
this breed could appeal to the current status of the industry of quail
and current layers, to stimulate the growing of minds in addressing
relevant issues and to ensure the continuity and capabilities of
the industry in the future. Birds of origin are found in forest areas,
farms, drylands or shrubs and from different climates have the
same properties that are shy, wild, quick and easy to be surprised.
There are some species of famous quail in the world. Among the
famous species that have been preserved in captivity are American
Bobwhite, Californian Quail, Rail Quail, Chinese Painted Quail and
Japanese Quail. Among the groups of quails, the type of Coturnix is
the first kind of taming and commercial breeding. In Malaysia, there
are two types of commercially-developed quails i.e. broiler quail
and quail. The care of quails does not require a large area due to its
small size. However, the maintenance requirements are the same
as poultry farming. Livestock farms must be in accordance with the
law of the State Government and adhere to the rules of the Poultry
Enactment and follow the guidelines of good farming practices.
Quails need to be kept intact in the bucks all the time.